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LIQUIFIED PETROLEUM GASES

Petrojam supplies Liquefied Petroleum Gases (LPG) to the domestic market in two grades, Butane and Propane. These are hydrocarbon products derived from the processing of crude oil. The process of light end fractionation splits the naphtha cut (from the crude oil) into propane and butane (LPG). Cooking and heating are two of the well-known residential uses of the products but LPG is also used to generate power, clean and dry clothes, mow the lawn, and wash your car. LPG provides all the benefits of LNG, without the need for expensive re-gasifying equipment. For domestic application, LPG is distributed in cylinders in sizes ranging from 10 – 100 lbs by the retail marketing companies who are supplied by Petrojam.

Propane predominantly consists of straight-chain hydrocarbons containing three carbon atoms; however, propane (C3H8) is the main component. Butane predominantly consists of hydrocarbons containing four carbon atoms mainly n- and iso–Butanes (C4H10). Both have the special property of becoming liquid at atmospheric temperature if moderately compressed, and reverting to gases when the pressure is sufficiently reduced. This liquid state is an advantage in transporting and storing these products. In the liquid state, they are roughly 250 times as dense as they are when they are gases. Butane is usually supplied to customers in cylinders. Propane can be supplied in cylinders or in bulk for storage in tanks at the customers’ premises.

KEROSENE

For domestic / residential purposes, Kerosene is used mainly as a cooking fuel in stoves as well as for lighting in lamps in Jamaica.
Kerosene falls within the light distillate range of refinery output that includes some diesel fuel, jet fuel, and other light fuel oils. The kerosene side stream is hydrofined (treated with hydrogen over a catalyst to reduce Sulphur and Nitrogen content) and run down to tankage as dual-purpose kero/turbo fuel.
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